Martyrs` Day 2024: Honouring sacrifice & struggle of Indian freedom fighters

Every year on January 30, India commemorates Martyrs` Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas, to honour the courageous individuals who gave their lives for the country`s freedom. This day has great historical significance, stemming from the struggles against British colonial control. On Martyrs` Day 2024 understand why India marks the day. 

The story behind Martyrs` Day traces back to the infamous incident at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar on April 13, 1919. General Reginald Dyer, a British officer, ordered the massacre of hundreds of unarmed Indians who had gathered at Jallianwala Bagh to protest peacefully against repressive laws. The brutal episode left an indelible mark on India`s fight for independence.

Martyrs` Day was established on January 30 to remember those who died in the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. This date also commemorates the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi in 1948, another tragic episode in India`s quest for independence.

The commemoration of Indian Martyrs` Day is a poignant reflection of sacrifices made by innumerable freedom warriors who bravely fought against colonial oppression. These heroes came from varied backgrounds but shared the same goal: to free India from the chains of British tyranny.

The day is about more than just commemorating historical events; it is also an opportunity to reflect on the ideas for which these martyrs fought – justice, equality, and the right to live with dignity. As the tricolour flag flies high, the nation honours those who selflessly gave their lives for the cause of independence.

On Martyrs` Day, an eternal flame known as the Amar Jawan Jyoti is ignited at India Gate in New Delhi. It represents the unwavering spirit of the Indian Armed Forces and honours all troops who have paid the ultimate sacrifice for their country. Meanwhile, the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, the Chief of Defence Staff and the three Service Chiefs gather at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths made of white flowers. 

Meanwhile, the country marks the day by observing a two-minute silence at 11 am in memory of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives. 

Interestingly, India is one of the 15 countries across the world that celebrates Martyrs` Day.

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